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Ethics Trough History: An Introduction

Irwin, Terence
Ethics Trough History: An Introduction
Ethics Trough History: An Introduction

Ethics Trough History: An Introduction

Irwin, Terence
39,00€
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What is the human good? What are the primary virtues that make a good person? What makes an action right? Must we try to maximize good consequences? How can we know what is right and good? Can morality be rationally justified? In Ethics Through History, Terence Irwin addresses such fundamental questions, making these central debates intelligibl...
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What is the human good? What are the primary virtues that make a good person? What makes an action right? Must we try to maximize good consequences? How can we know what is right and good? Can morality be rationally justified? In Ethics Through History, Terence Irwin addresses such fundamental questions, making these central debates intelligible to readers without an extensive background in philosophy. He provides a historical and philosophical discussion of major questions and key philosophers in the history of ethics, in the tradition that begins with Socrates onwards. Irwin covers ancient, medieval, and modern moral philosophers whose views have helped to form the agenda for contemporary ethical theory, paying attention to the strengths and weaknesses of their respective positions.


1: Introduction
2: Socrates: the Choice of Lives
3: Plato
4: Aristotle
5: Scepticism
6: Epicurus: Happiness as Pleasure
7: The Stoics: Happiness as Virtue
8: Christian Belief and Moral Philosophy: Augustine
9: Aquinas
10: Scotus and Ockham
11: Morality and Social Human Nature: Suarez and Grotius
12: Hobbes: Natural Law without Social Human Nature
13: Voluntarism, Naturalism and Moral Realism: Pufendorf, Shaftesbury, Cudworth, and Clarke
14: Sentimentalism: A Non-Rational Ground for Morality. Hutcheson and Hume
15: Rationalism: a Rational Ground for Morality. Butler, Price, and Reid
16: Kant and Some Critics
17: Schopenhauer: Kant's Insights and Errors
18: Hegel: Beyond Kantian Morality
19: Nietzsche: Against Kant and Morality
20: Utilitarianism: Mill and Sidgwick
21: Beyond Kantian and Utilitarian Morality: an Idealist Alternative. Green and Bradley
22: Meta-ethics: Objectivity and its Critics
23: Utilitarianism and its Critics: Some Further Questions


Terence Irwin, Emeritus Professor of Ancient Philosophy, University of Oxford


Terence Irwin is Emeritus Professor of Ancient Philosophy at the University of Oxford. He obtained his MA from Oxford and his PhD from Princeton University. He has taught at Harvard and Cornell. He is the author of The Development of Ethics (Oxford 2007-9), among numerous other publications.